There are 29 letters in the Arabic alphabet, all consonants.
The Arabic vowels (Harakaat) Fathah, Kasrah, and Dammah are not
part of Arabic alphabet, but they are naturally pronounced when letters are joined to make words and words are joined to make sentences.
Kasrah is a tiny diagonal stroke (/) under a letter. It produces the 'ī' sound like 'Be' in 'Below'.
In this lesson the letters have a kasrah below them.
At the top of the page the letters appear in the same format as those in lesson one, only with a kasrah below them.
The shapes of individual letters may vary change depending upon the combinations used; nevertheless, the distinctive shape of each letter can still be easily recognized.
The letters at the bottom of the page are joined to make words and appear slightly different. The number of dots on a letter and its overall shape can help you easily determine what letter is present.
(More lessons uploaded soon InshaAllah)