Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi - The Noble Emissaries (As-Safara Al-Keram)
Episode 18 -Rules of Madd (Elongation) I
A series about 'tajweed' and the art of reciting the Qur'an
(youtube by : khalifahklothing - here)
Letters of Madd -- وي ا, preceded by fat'ha, kasra, or dhamma, in that order, respectively
Natural Madd -- occurs when a letter of madd is neither preceded nor followed by hamza or sukoon; 2 harakas
Madd al-`Iwadh (Replacement Madd) -- when stopping on a double fat'ha, it becomes a natural mad
Madd al-Badal (Substitution Madd) -- hamza occurs before madd; 2 harakas.